Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 1, Verse 2

सञ्जय उवाच ।
दृष्ट्वा तु पाण्डवानीकं व्यूढं दुर्योधनस्तदा ।
आचार्यमुपसङ्गम्य राजा वचनमब्रवीत् ।। 2।।

sañjaya uvācha
dṛiṣhṭvā tu pāṇḍavānīkaṁ vyūḍhaṁ duryodhanastadā
āchāryamupasaṅgamya rājā vachanamabravīt

sanjayaḥ uvāchaSanjay said; dṛiṣhṭvāon observing; tubut; pāṇḍava-anīkamthe Pandava army; vyūḍhamstanding in a military formation; duryodhanaḥKing Duryodhan; tadāthen; āchāryamteacher; upasaṅgamyaapproaced; rājāthe king; vachanamwords; abravītspoke


BG 1.2: Sanjay said: On observing the Pandava army standing in military formation, King Duryodhan approached his teacher Dronacharya, and said the following words.


Dhritarashtra was looking for an affirmation that the battle would still be undertaken by his sons. Sanjay understood Dhritarashtra’s intent behind the question and confirmed that there would definitely be war by saying that the Pandavas were standing in military formation ready for war. He further turned the conversation to the subject of what Duryodhan was doing.

Duryodhan, the eldest son of Dhritarasthra, possessed a very evil and cruel nature. Since Dhritarashtra was blind, Duryodhan practically ruled the kingdom of Hastinapur on his behalf. He had a strong dislike for the Pandavas, and was determined to eliminate them, so that he may rule unopposed. He had assumed that the Pandavas would not be able to mobilize an army that could face his. But what happened was to the contrary, and beholding the extent of military might they had gathered, he was perturbed and unnerved.

Duryodhan’s move to approach his military guru, Dronacharya, revealed that he was fearful of the outcome of the war. He went to Dronacharya with the pretense of offering respect, but his actual purpose was to palliate his own anxiety. Thus, Duryodhan spoke nine verses beginning with the next one.