Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 11, Verse 14

तत: स विस्मयाविष्टो हृष्टरोमा धनञ्जय: |
प्रणम्य शिरसा देवं कृताञ्जलिरभाषत || 14||

tataḥ sa vismayāviṣhṭo hṛiṣhṭa-romā dhanañjayaḥ
praṇamya śhirasā devaṁ kṛitāñjalir abhāṣhata

tataḥthen; saḥhe; vismaya-āviṣhṭaḥfull of wonder; hṛiṣhṭa-romāwith hair standing on end; dhanañjayaḥArjun, the conqueror of wealth; praṇamyabow down; śhirasāwith (his) head; devamthe Lord; kṛita-añjaliḥwith folded hands; abhāṣhatahe adressed

Translation

BG 11.14: Then, Arjun, full of wonder and with hair standing on end, bowed his head with folded hands before the Lord and addressed him thus.

Commentary

Arjun was struck with amazement and deep reverence on seeing that breathtaking spectacle. It struck devotional chords in his heart that evoked paroxysms of delight. The elation experienced through devotional sentiments occasionally finds expression in physical symptoms. The bhakti scriptures describe eight such symptoms, or the aṣhṭa sāttvic bhāv, that sometimes manifests in devotees when their heart gets thrilled in devotion:

stambha swedo ’ tha romāñchaḥ svarabhedo ’tha vepathuḥ

vaivarṇyamaśhru pralaya ityaṣhṭau sātvikāḥ smṛitāḥ

(Bhakti Rasāmṛit Sindhu)[v1]

“Becoming stupefied, sweating, horripilation, choking of the voice, trembling, complexion becoming ashen, shedding tears, and fainting—these are the physical symptoms by which intense love in the heart sometimes manifests.” That is what Arjun experienced as his hair began standing on end. Bowing down in reverence with folded hands, he uttered the words that follow. What Arjun said is now described in the next seventeen verses.