Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 15, Verse 5

निर्मानमोहा जितसङ्गदोषा
अध्यात्मनित्या विनिवृत्तकामा: |
द्वन्द्वैर्विमुक्ता: सुखदु:खसंज्ञै
र्गच्छन्त्यमूढा: पदमव्ययं तत् || 5||

nirmāna-mohā jita-saṅga-doṣhā
adhyātma-nityā vinivṛitta-kāmāḥ
dvandvair vimuktāḥ sukha-duḥkha-sanjñair
gachchhanty amūḍhāḥ padam avyayaṁ tat

niḥfree from; mānavanity; mohāḥdelusion; jitahaving overcome; saṅgaattachment; doṣhāḥevils; adhyātma-nityāḥdwelling constantly in the self and God; vinivṛittafreed from; kāmāḥdesire to enjoy senses; dvandvaiḥfrom the dualities; vimuktāḥliberated; sukha-duḥkhapleasure and pain; saṁjñaiḥknown as; gachchhantiattain; amūḍhāḥunbewildered; padamabode; avyayameternal; tatthat


BG 15.5: Those who are free from vanity and delusion, who have overcome the evil of attachment, who dwell constantly in the self and God, who are freed from the desire to enjoy the senses, and are beyond the dualities of pleasure and pain, such liberated personalities attain my eternal abode.


Shree Krishna now explains how to surrender to the base of the tree that is the Supreme Lord. He says that one must first of all give up pride that is borne of ignorance. The embodied soul, in illusion, presently thinks, “I am the lord of all I that I have and in future I shall possess even more. All this is for my enjoyment and happiness.” As long as we remain intoxicated by pride borne of ignorance, we think of ourselves as the enjoyer of material nature. In such a state, we disregard the Lord and have no desire to surrender to his will.

This false notion of being the enjoyer must be removed with the help of knowledge. We must realize that the material energy belongs to God and is, therefore, meant for his service. The soul too is a servant of God, and so the present attitude of enjoying must be transformed into the attitude of service. For this, we must eliminate material attachments that pull the mind toward the world and away from God. Instead, we must attach the mind to God in an attitude of selfless service, understanding the true nature of the self as an eternal servant of God. The Padma Purāṇ states:

dāsa bhūtamidaṁ tasya jagatsthāvara jangamam

śhrīmannārāyaṇa swāmī jagatānprabhurīśhwaraḥ [v4]

“The Supreme Lord Narayan is the controller and the Lord of the world. All moving and non-moving beings and entities in this creation are his servants.” Hence, the more we develop the desire to serve God, the more the illusion of being the enjoyer of prakṛiti will be dispelled and the heart will become cleansed. Jagadguru Shree Kripaluji Maharaj emphasizes this above everything else, as the most powerful means for purifying the heart:

sau bātana kī bāta ika, dharu muralīdhara dhyāna,

baṛhavahu sevā-vāsanā, yaha sau jñānana jñāna. (Bhakti Śhatak, verse 74) [v5]

“Out of a hundred advices for purification, the most important is this. Let your mind be absorbed in the divine flute-player, Shree Krishna, and keep increasing your desire to serve him. This counsel is more important than a hundred such gems of knowledge.”

Once we succeed in cleansing our etheric hearts and become perfectly situated in loving service of God, then what happens? Shree Krishna explains in the above verse that such perfected souls go to the spiritual realm for the rest of eternity. When the state of God-consciousness is achieved, the material realm serves no further purpose. The soul is then qualified to reside in God’s divine abode along with the other God-realized souls. Just as a prison occupies only a small part of a city, so too is the material realm. It is only one-fourth of God’s entire creation, while the spiritual realm is three-fourths. The Vedas state:

pādo ’sya viśhvā bhūtāni, tripādasya amṛitam divi (Puruṣh Sūktam Mantra 3)[v6]

“This temporary world made from the material energy is but one part of creation. The other three parts is the eternal abode of God that is beyond the phenomenon of life and death.” Shree Krishna explains the nature of that eternal abode in the following verse.