Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 7, Verse 27

इच्छाद्वेषसमुत्थेन द्वन्द्वमोहेन भारत |
सर्वभूतानि सम्मोहं सर्गे यान्ति परन्तप || 27||

ichchhā-dveṣha-samutthena dvandva-mohena bhārata
sarva-bhūtāni sammohaṁ sarge yānti parantapa

ichchhādesire; dveṣhaaversion; samutthenaarise from; dvandvaof duality; mohenafrom the illusion; bhārataArjun, descendent of Bharat; sarvaall; bhūtāniliving beings; sammohaminto delusion; sargesince birth; yāntienter; parantapaArjun, conqueror of enemies

Translation

BG 7.27: O descendent of Bharat, the dualities of desire and aversion arise from illusion. O conqueror of enemies, all living beings in the material realm are from birth deluded by these.

Commentary

The world is full of dualities—night and day, winter and summer, happiness and distress, pleasure and pain. The biggest dualities are birth and death. These exist in a pair—the moment birth takes place, death is certain; death, in turn, brings subsequent birth. And between the two ends of birth and death is the arena of life. These dualities are an inseparable part of the experience of anyone who goes through life.

In material consciousness, we desire one and detest the other. This attraction and aversion is not an inherent quality of the dualities, rather it arises from our ignorance. Our mistaken intellect is convinced that material pleasures will fulfill our self-interest. We are also convinced that pain is harmful to our being. We do not realize that materially pleasurable situations thicken the cover of material illusion on the soul, while adverse situations have the potential dispelling the illusion and elevating the mind. The root cause of this delusion is ignorance. The sign of spiritual wisdom is that a person rises above attraction and aversion, likes and dislikes, and embraces both as inseparable aspects of God’s creation.