Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 7, Verse 29

जरामरणमोक्षाय मामाश्रित्य यतन्ति ये |
ते ब्रह्म तद्विदु: कृत्स्नमध्यात्मं कर्म चाखिलम् || 29||

jarā-maraṇa-mokṣhāya mām āśhritya yatanti ye
te brahma tadviduḥ kṛitsnam adhyātmaṁ karma chākhilam

jarāfrom old age; maraṇaand death; mokṣhāyafor liberation; māmme; āśhrityatake shelter in; yatantistrive; yewho; tethey; brahmaBrahman; tatthat; viduḥknow; kṛitsnameverything; adhyātmamthe individual self; karmakarmic action; chaand; akhilamentire

Translation

BG 7.29: Those who take shelter in me, striving for liberation from old-age and death, come to know Brahman, the individual self, and the entire field of karmic action.

Commentary

As stated in verse 7.26, God cannot be known by the strength of one’s intellect. However, those who surrender to him, become recipients of his grace. Then, by virtue of his grace, they are easily able to know him. The Kaṭhopaniṣhad states:

nāyamātmā pravachanena labhyo

na medhayā na bahunā śhrutena

yamevaiṣha vṛiṇute tena labhya-

stasyaiṣha ātmā vivṛiṇute tanūṁ svām (1.2.23)[v29]

“God cannot be known by spiritual discourses, nor through the intellect, nor by hearing various kinds of teachings. Only when he bestows his grace upon someone, does that fortunate soul come to know him.” And when one gets knowledge of God, everything comes to be known in connection with him. The Vedas state: ekasmin vijñāte sarvamidaṁ vijñātaṁ bhavati [v30]“If you know God, you will know everything.”

Some spiritual aspirants consider ātma-jñāna (self-knowledge) as the ultimate goal. However, just as a drop of water is a tiny part of the ocean, ātma-jñāna is only a tiny part of brahma-jñāna (knowledge of God). Those who have knowledge of the drop do not necessarily know the depth, breadth, and power of the ocean. Similarly, those who know the self do not necessarily know God. However, those who get knowledge of God, automatically get knowledge of everything that is a part of God. Hence, Shree Krishna states that those who take shelter in him come to know him, the soul, and the field of karmic action, by God’s grace.