Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 15, Verse 7

ममैवांशो जीवलोके जीवभूत: सनातन: |
मन:षष्ठानीन्द्रियाणि प्रकृतिस्थानि कर्षति || 7||

mamaivānśho jīva-loke jīva-bhūtaḥ sanātanaḥ
manaḥ-ṣhaṣhṭhānīndriyāṇi prakṛiti-sthāni karṣhati

mamaMy; evaonly; anśhaḥfragmental part; jīva-lokein the material world; jīva-bhūtaḥthe embodied souls; sanātanaḥeternal; manaḥwith the mind; ṣhaṣhṭhānithe six; indriyāṇisenses; prakṛiti-sthānibound by material nature; karṣhatistruggling


BG 15.7: The embodied souls in this material world are My eternal fragmental parts. But bound by material nature, they are struggling with the six senses including the mind.


Shree Krishna previously explained that the souls who go to His Abode do not come back.  Now He speaks about the souls who remain in the material realm.  First, He reassures that they are also His fragmental parts. 

So, let us understand the kinds of parts that God has.  They are of two kinds:

Swānśh.  These are all the Avatars of God, such as Ram, Nrisingh, Varaha, etc.  They are non-different from Shree Krishna, and thus They are called swānśh, which means integrated parts. 

Vibhinnānśh.  These are the differentiated parts of God.  They are not directly fragments of God, rather they are parts of His soul energy (jīva śhakti).  In this category come all the souls in existence.  This was stated by Shree Krishna in verse 7.5:  “But beyond the material energy, O mighty-armed Arjun, there is another superior energy of Mine.  This is the embodied souls who are the basis of life in this world.”  

Further, the vibhinnānśh souls are of three kinds: 

Nitya siddha.  These are the souls who were always liberated and have therefore resided in the divine realm of God since eternity, participating in His divine Pastimes.

Sādhan siddha.  These are the souls who were previously in the material realm, like us, but they practiced sādhanā and attained the Supreme Lord.  Now they reside in the divine realm for the rest of eternity and participate in God’s Pastimes.

Nitya baddha.  These are the souls who have been in the material realm since eternity.  They are embodied with five senses and the mind, and hence they are struggling. 

 The Kaṭhopaniṣhad states:

parāñchi khāni vyatṛiṇat swayambhū   (2.1.2)

“The creator, Brahma, has made the senses such that they are turned outward toward the world.”  For these vibhinnānśh nitya baddha parts, Shree Krishna states that they are struggling to satiate the mind and senses and experiencing misery in the process.  He now explains, in the following verse, what happens to the mind and senses as the soul moves into another body upon death.