Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 18, Verse 36

सुखं त्विदानीं त्रिविधं शृणु मे भरतर्षभ |
अभ्यासाद्रमते यत्र दु:खान्तं च निगच्छति || 36||

sukhaṁ tv idānīṁ tri-vidhaṁ śhṛiṇu me bharatarṣhabha
abhyāsād ramate yatra duḥkhāntaṁ cha nigachchhati

sukhamhappiness; tubut; idānīmnow; tri-vidhamof three kinds; śhṛiṇuhear; mefrom me; bharata-ṛiṣhabhaArjun, the best of the Bharatas; abhyāsātby practice; ramaterejoices; yatrain which; duḥkha-antamend of all suffering; chaand; nigachchhatireaches

sukham tv idanim tri-vidham shrinu me bharatarshabha
abhyasad ramate yatra duhkhantam cha nigachchhati


BG 18.36: Now hear from Me, O Arjun, of the three kinds of happiness in which the embodied soul rejoices, and can even reach the end of all suffering.


In the previous verses, Shree Krishna discussed the constituents of action. Then he described the factors that motivate and control action. Now, he moves on to the goal of action. The ultimate motive behind people’s actions is the search for happiness. Everyone desires to be happy, and through their actions they seek fulfillment, peace, and satisfaction. But since everyone’s actions differ in their constituent factors, the kind of happiness they derive out of their work is also different. Shree Krishna now goes on to explain the three categories of happiness.